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Home » Uttar Pradesh » kanpur


Kanpur

Sargam Tour & TravelsHistorically, Jajmau on the eastern outskirts of present day Kanpur is regarded as one of the most archaic townships of Kanpur district. Upto the 1st half of the 18th century Kanpur continued to survive as an insignificant village. Its fate, however, took a new turn soon after. In May, 1765, Shuja-ud-daula the Nawab Wazir of Awadh, was defeated by the British near Jajmau. It was probably at his time that strategic importance of the site of Kanpur was realized by the British.

European businessmen had by this time gradually started establishing themselves in Kanpur. In order to ensure protection to their lives & property the 'Awadh local forces' were shifted here in 1778. Kanpur passed into British hands under the treaty of 1801 with Nawab Saadat Ali Khan of Awadh. This forms a turning point of the history of Kanpur.

Soon Kanpur became one of the most important military stations of British India. It was declared a district on 24th March, 1803. Kanpur was soon to become the epicentre of the outbreak of 1857, as some of the leading luminaries of the War of Independence hailed from here, namely - Nana Sahib, Tantiya Tope, Azimoolah Khan & Brigadier Jwala Prasad. The three strategic events of the 1857 war at Kanpur were the fight at 'wheeler's entrenchment', the 'massacre at Sati Chaura Ghat' and the 'Bibighar massacre'.

Nana Sahib had declared independence on the 7th of June, 1857 at Kanpur. The British under Commander Hugh Wheeler retreated into a shallow earth entrenchment in the cantonment area, later known in history as 'wheeler's entrenchment'. The English garrison surrendered in the last week of June 1857 on terms of safe passage to Allahabad.

But when on the morning of 27th June, the soldiers along with the women & children were about to embark into the boats at Sati Chaura Ghat, fighting broke out and most of the men were killed. The survivors, women & children were rescued who were imprisoned into the Savada Kotihi & later shifted to Bibighar in the cantonment magistrates' compound. But when it became clear that relieving force under General Havelock were nearing the city and defeat was inevitable, the captives-all women & children, were massacred and their dismembered bodies buried in the well of the compound on 15th July, 1857. The Bibighar was dismantled by the British on reoccupation of Kanpur and a 'memorial railing and a cross' raised at the site of the well. The well is now bricked over. Only remains of a circular ridge survive, which can be still seen at the Nana Tao park.





How To Get There - Kanpur

By Air
The nearest Airport is Lucknow , (65 kms) from Kanpur city. Lucknow is well connected to all the major cities:

By Rail
Kanpur-City, Railway station named as Kanpur Central , is well connected to all the major cities of INDIA .

By Road
IIT Kanpur campus is located on GT Road at Kalyanpur, about 16 Km west of Kanpur city. If you are coming to Kanpur by train, please exit from platform no. 1. Unfortunately due to the varied arrival times of different speakers, we are unable to arrange a taxi pickup for all of you. So please take a Taxi or an autorickshaw from the Station.
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